In December 2015, the leader of the Shiite Islamic Movement of Nigeria, Ibrahim El-Zakzaky was arrested by the Nigerian Government after a clampdown by the army that resulted in the death of over 300 Shiite members. This was after the soldiers accused the Shiite group of blocking a major road that was to be used by the army chief, Tukur Buratai.

The Shiite Leader alongside his wife Zeenah have since been detained. In 2016, a Federal High Court in Abuja ordered the SSS to release him and his wife on bail; the judge, Gabriel Kolawole, also ordered the SSS to pay N50 million as damages to Mr El-Zakzaky and release the Shiite leader along with his wife within 45 days.

However, the agency declined, not only did the SSS refuse to obey Court order, but the government also continued detaining Mr El-Zakzaky till April 2018 when the Kaduna government eventually filed charges after the Shiite members began a daily protest to demand Mr El-Zakzaky's release